“Until recently, much of the data for geographic areas smaller than states were only available every ten years from the decennial census. Beginning in 2005, the Census Bureau began to provide a variety of data at the sub-state level for areas called Public Use Microdata Areas (PUMAs). The variables that make up the ENI change from year-to-year and we wanted to provide the most current picture of the education, economic, and population challenges facing regions throughout the U.S.
The ENI model evaluates the educational needs and demands of the 2,071 Public Use Microdata Areas across the nation. It combines thirteen variables that measure educational attainment levels, economic and employment strength, and population growth and diversity. Through standardization of the data (described below), the model combines these measures and allows for comparison across all of the PUMAs in a given region and the nation as a whole. PUMAs are designated “most critical” when relatively poor conditions of under-education and economic challenges are compounded by population growth and shifting demographics toward youth or at-risk minority groups.
The three factors drive the ENI model and the variables that make up each factor are:
- Educational Factor – Indicators assess the educational capacity of a region’s adult population. Indicators measure the percent of the population with a high school degree, associate’s degree, and bachelor’s degree, and a measure of the educational attainment gap between younger and older members of the workforce.
- Economic Factor – Indicators in this category assess the degree of economic challenges facing counties. Indicators measure the percent of population in poverty, unemployment rates, the existing earnings capacity of residents, and dependence upon manufacturing and extraction jobs.
- Population Factor – Indicators assess the present population growth issues facing the county and potential need for increased emphasis on human capital development to address changing demographics. Indicators measure recent and project population growth, population aged 19 and younger as a percent of the total population, population aged 20-44, and the relative size of an area’s at-risk minority population (African-Americans, Hispanics, and Native Americans).”
I thought this was a breakdown of the Electoral College map.
After all, an educated populace is a dangerous one!